What is Acute Jade Syndrome?
Acute nephritic syndrome is characterized by the sudden onset of hematuria and proteinuria, signs of azotemia (a decrease in glomerular filtration rate), a delay in the body’s salts and water, and arterial hypertension.
Causes of Acute Jade Syndrome
- Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis.
- Non-post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis.
- Bacterial: infectious endocarditis, sepsis, pneumococcal pneumonia, typhoid fever, meningococcal infection.
- Viral: hepatitis B, infectious mononucleosis, mumps, chickenpox, infections caused by Coxsackie viruses, ECHO.
- Other forms of post-infectious glomerulonephitis develop against the background of a current infection, they have a shorter latent period. Nephritis is difficult to diagnose with subacute infectious endocarditis: a variety of kidney lesions, systemic manifestations can mimic other diseases (for example, SLE or polyarteritis nodosa), blood can be sterile.
- Systemic diseases: SLE, vasculitis, Schönlein-Genoch disease, hereditary pulmonary-renal syndrome.
- Primary kidney diseases: mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis, Berger disease, mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis.
- Mixed causes: Hyena-Barre syndrome, radiation, administration of sera and vaccines.