Acute Jade Syndrome

What is Acute Jade Syndrome?

Acute nephritic syndrome is characterized by the sudden onset of hematuria and proteinuria, signs of azotemia (a decrease in glomerular filtration rate), a delay in the body’s salts and water, and arterial hypertension.

Causes of Acute Jade Syndrome

  • Infections.
  • Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis.
  • Non-post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis.
  • Bacterial: infectious endocarditis, sepsis, pneumococcal pneumonia, typhoid fever, meningococcal infection.
  • Viral: hepatitis B, infectious mononucleosis, mumps, chickenpox, infections caused by Coxsackie viruses, ECHO.
  • Other forms of post-infectious glomerulonephitis develop against the background of a current infection, they have a shorter latent period. Nephritis is difficult to diagnose with subacute infectious endocarditis: a variety of kidney lesions, systemic manifestations can mimic other diseases (for example, SLE or polyarteritis nodosa), blood can be sterile.
  • Systemic diseases: SLE, vasculitis, Schönlein-Genoch disease, hereditary pulmonary-renal syndrome.
  • Primary kidney diseases: mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis, Berger disease, mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis.
  • Mixed causes: Hyena-Barre syndrome, radiation, administration of sera and vaccines.