What is Atopic Dermatitis in Children?
Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema. Atopic dermatitis mainly occurs in children, but may also appear in adulthood. Eczema is a chronic skin disease in which the skin turns red, itching, cracks appear, it becomes dry. Atopic dermatitis accounts for 30% of all skin diseases. The disease appears equally in both boys and girls. In recent years, doctors have noted an increase in the development of the disease. Atopic dermatitis can affect any part of the skin on the body, as a rule, the disease is localized on the arms, legs, under the knees, ankles, wrist, face, neck and upper chest.
Causes of Atopic Dermatitis in Children
Atopic dermatitis occurs in children with hereditary tendencies, hypersensitivity, hay fever, asthma, chronic urticaria and other types of eczema. Atopic dermatitis in other words inherited dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis may worsen under the influence of external environmental factors such as pollen, hair and epidermis of domestic animals, and internal factors such as hormones and stress. Approximately 80% of cases begin in children under the age of 5 years. A significant number of cases develop during the first year of life.
60% of children with atopic dermatitis have one of the parents with the same disease.
Atopic dermatitis can cause the use of antibiotics in children. Studies show that the use of antibiotics in early childhood may increase the risk of developing eczema by 40%.
Pathogenesis during Atopic Dermatitis in Children
Studying the disease, scientists have discovered a gene that causes dry, scaly skin and predisposes people to eczema. Defects in the filaggrin gene are associated with a significant increase in the risk of developing allergic diseases such as eczema, rhinitis, asthma, etc.
As a rule, the lipid (epidermal) skin barrier decreases in people with atopic dermatitis. Lipid barrier function – to prevent moisture loss. If the barrier decreases the skin loses fluid faster, and as a result it becomes dry.